Collateral Module

Adapters and Auction contracts for each specific collateral type

1. Introduction (Summary)

The collateral module is deployed for every new ilk (collateral type) added to Vat. It contains all the adapters and auction contracts for one specific collateral type.

For other information related to the collateral module, read the following resources:

2. Module Details

The Collateral Module has 2 core components consisting of the Join and Flip contracts.

The Collateral Module is built up of two components:

3. Key Mechanism and Concepts

Summary of the Collateral Module Components

  • Join - adapters that are used to deposit/withdraw unlocked collateral into the Vat. Join contains three smart contracts:

    1. GemJoin

    2. ETHJoin

    3. DaiJoin.

    Each of the join contracts are specifically used for the given token type to be join'ed to the vat. Due to this fact, each join contract has slightly different logic to account for the different types of tokens within the system.

  • Flipper - collateral Auctions are used to sell collateral from Vaults that have become undercollateralized in order to preserve the collateralization of the system. The Cat sends bitten collateral to the Flip module to be auctioned off to Keepers. The collateral auction has two phases: tend and dent. See the Gotchas section of the Flipper's documentation for more on the tend and dent auction phases.

How exactly do the Join and Flipper contracts help the MCD system operate?

  • Join - the purpose of join adapters is to retain the security of the system, allowing only trusted smart contracts to add/remove value to/from the Vat. The location of collateral deposited/locked in Vaults is in the respective Join adapter.

  • Flipper - the purpose of collateral auctions is to decrease the market risk of collateral that is backing Dai. The main priorities of the Flipper are:

    • To cover the amount of total debt (minted Dai + accrued fees) of the Vault.

    • To return as much collateral back to the Vault owner as possible.

4. Gotchas (Potential sources of user error)

  • When a user desires to enter the system and interact with the dss contracts, they must use one of the join contracts.

  • If there was a contract bug in a join contract and a user was to call join by accident, they can still retrieve their tokens back through the corresponding exit call on the given join contract.

5. Failure Modes

There could potentially be a vat upgrade that would require new join contracts to be created

If a gem contract were to go through a token upgrade or have the tokens frozen while a user's collateral was in the system, there could potentially be a scenario in which the users were unable to redeem their collateral after the freeze or upgrade was finished. This seems to be a small risk though because it would seem likely that the token going through this upgrade would want to work alongside the maker community to be sure this was not an issue.

Potential Phishing Attacks

As the MCD system evolves, we will see many more join contracts, user interfaces, etc. This surfaces the potential for a user to have their funds stolen by a malicious join contract which would send tokens to an external contract or wallet, instead of the vat.